About Chiang Mai

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History

Chiang Mai was co founded by three kings – Phraya Mangrai, Por Khun Ramkhamhaeng (of Sukhothai) and Por Khun Ngam Muang (of Phayao). Chiang Mai was ruled by the Mangrai Dynasty for around 200 years (between 1296 – 1558). Then in 1558 Chiang Mai lost its fight to Burma and was ruled for over 200 years until Phraya Kawila and Phraya Ja Baan, with help from Thai Kings, led the fight against Burma and won the land back.  Chiang Mai then became a colony of Siam and Phraya Kawila was crowned by HM King Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke Rama I as the king of Chiang Mai. In the era of HM King Chulalongkorn Rama V, Chiang Mai was reformed as municipality shire called Payap. Then in 1933 King Chulalongkorn Rama V developed the provincial system in Thailand so Chiang Mai became a province in Thailand until then.
Chiang Mai is 310 metre (1,027 ft) higher from sea level. It covers 20,107 sq.km. (12,566,910 rai) of land and is the second largest city in Thailand. The widest part is 136 km. (85 miles) and the longest part is 320 km. (200 miles). Chiang Mai is home to 1.66 million people and divided into 25 districts..
 

Geography

 

Chiang Mai valley averages 310 m (1,027 feet) above sea level, and the province covers 20,107 square kms (12,566,910 rai). The widest point of the province measures 136 kms (85 miles), and the longest 320 kms (200 miles).

To the north, a 227 km (141.88 miles) stretch of mountains divides Chiang Mai's northern districts of Fang and Mae Ai from the region around Kengtung in the Shan State of Myanmar (Burma). On the east, Chiang Mai is bordered by Chiang Rai, Lampang and Lamphun provinces. The Mae Tuen River, Ream Mountains and Luang Mountains separate Chiang Mai's south from the province of Tak. Some stretches of Chiang Mai's south also border Lamphun province. To the west, Chiang Mai is bordered by Mae Hong Son province.

 

Topography

A large part (>82%) of Chiang Mai's land is covered by mountains and forests. The mountain ranges generally run in a north-south alignment through the province and give birth to several streams and tributaries (such as the Mae Chaem, Mae Ngat and Mae Klang), which in turn feed important rivers and irrigation canals (such as the Muand and Faay) that provide the water necessary to Chiang Mai's agriculture.

Chiang Mai's largest and most important river is the Ping, which originates in the mountains north of Chiang Dao and flows southwards for 540 kms (337.5 miles). It is along the banks of this river that Chiang Mai's flat valley area lies.

Chiang Mai is also home to Thailand's highest mountain, Inthanon Mountain, which stands 2,565 m (8,498 feet) above sea level.
 

Weather

The weather in Thailand is normally humid and sunny throughout the year. Chiang Mai has cooler weather than Bangkok and the southern parts of the country. Summer begins in March. April is the hottest month but it can be cooled down by the Songkran Festival. After the hot season, rainy season lasts between June to October but there is not much heavy rain. Then” winter” comes in November and finishes in February. The temperature could go down to 4 degree Celsius in the evening and 18 – 32 in the daytime. However the average temperature is 25 – 40 degree Celcius.